Sanctuary of the Sufferation of Jesus and to the Virgin Mary of Pacław
KALWARIA PACŁAWSKA was founded in the 18th century on a hill over the valley of the River Wiar by Andrzej Maksymilian Fredro, governor of Podolia and castellan of Lviv, who brought here the Franciscan friars.
The choice of location was connected with the topographical similarity between the local area and Jerusalem. The foundation of the Calvary (Kalwaria Pacławska) gave rise to distinct changes in the local landscape in which buildings and objects with a religious connotation began to predominate.
Settlement were created to cater for the accommodation and reception needs of the pilgrims. What proved crucial for the establishment of Kalwaria Pacławska apart from the religious motivates was the defense aspect. The monastery which was situated at the crest of the hill was to act as a fortress defending the local population and the pilgrims against potential attack.Stanisław Dziedzic – Kalwaria Zebrzydowska i Kalwaria Pacławska – podobieństwa i różnice, 1995 r.
The sanctuary in Kalwaria since 1679 has housed the miraculous image of Mother of God from Kamianets Podilskyi. For three centuries tens of thousands of pilgrims have been coming here every year in mid-August for the church fairs famous in the whole region. Kalwaria Pacławska has earned itself the name of the Jasna Góra of the Podkarpackie province. The present Baroque church and adjacent monastery were founded by Szczepan Dwernicki between 1770 and 1775.
Next to the sanctuary stand distinctive arcaded houses from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. On the hill sloping towards the valley of the Wiar there are forty-two 19th-c. roadside shrines (some of them on the other side of the river) linked by paths where one can see groups of pilgrims.
source: www.visit.przemysl.pl | wikimedia.org