On the neighbouring hills, 35 stone and 7 wooden calvary chapels were built. As is typical with calvaries, the chapels are devoted to religious themes. At Kalwaria Pacławska, the chapels are grouped into two routes: the Paths of Jesus Christ, consisting of 28 stations (including the 14 stations of the Way of the Cross and the 16 stations of the Way of the Mother of God) and the Paths of the Funeral and the Assumption of Mary (14 stations). Some of the calvary’s chapel belong to more than one path.

Since 1995, Kalwaria Pacławska holds a Passion Play every Palm Sunday and Good Friday. During these events, the local parishioners re-enact the events associated with the death of Jesus Christ.